5G is the 5th generation mobile network. It is a new global wireless standard after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks. 5G has brought three new aspects – higher speed, lower latency, and connection of multiple devices. 5G works on higher frequencies than 4G, generally on two types of frequencies: below and above 6 GHz.
Nowadays, 5G networks are being developed in the USA, but Asia is the leader in developing and implementing 5G technologies. South Korea, Japan, and China went furthest, while UAE, Turkey, and Singapore have already implemented the pilot projects. However, there are a lot of concerns regarding public and health safety in connection to 5G. Therefore, there is a need for a specific standard that considers all the threats and benefits of 5G.
The major fields in which 5G technology will have an impact on life in 21st Century are as following:-
- AI (Artificial Intelligence) is important for the 5G network because it provides new concepts and possibilities for communication in the industry and academy research. Furthermore, 5G connectivity allows different automated solutions to access more real-time data while using much less power, using IoT (Internet of Things) sensors with a lifespan of several years.
- 5G is essential for the smart city concept as an enabling technology for IoT. It will play an important role in information gathering through sensors, which are then transmitted to central monitoring locations in real-time.
- 5G network will have a major impact on self-driving cars’ development, making them faster, smarter, and safer. Tesla and Toyota have already tested autonomous vehicles. Due to their fast sensors, the idea is that their reaction time frame will be minimal, so they can be considered much safer than human-controlled vehicles.
- The fifth-generation wireless technology will connect everything around us with an ultra-fast, highly reliable, and fully responsive network. In addition, IoT gadgets – devices specifically connected via mobile apps to the Internet give individuals more control over what is happening around them, and everything will be controlled from anywhere in the world using a smartphone.
After the finalization of 5G standards, we could expect numerous benefits for our everyday life. There will also be significant improvements in the fields of AI, self-driving cars, IoT devices, as well as security. Smart cities are our future with their efficient traffic, fewer accidents, less pollution, fewer criminal opportunities, and safer living. However, there are potential health concerns with 5G networks, which will hopefully be addressed thoroughly in the near future so that all the benefits of the 5G technology can be implemented with minimum health risks.
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