The increase of plastic in our community is going to an extreme level that should be concerned by every country. Every year, we generate approximately 359 million tonnes of plastic waste within the worldwide market, priced at USD 568.9 billion in 2019 and is anticipated to reach almost USD 1 trillion in the next 15 years. However, in the form of percentage Asia-pacific region alone produces 49% of plastic, and they consume only 38% of the total production in a year.
Our connection with plastic is for the short-term period. The plastic generated is designed for use only one time. We use it for one time only and then discard it in the river. We prefer to recall this can be recycled, but only 9 percent of all plastic waste produced has been recycled ever. About 12 percent has been burned, while 79 percent has collected in landfills, dumps, or the natural environment as plastic waste, clogging our drains, endangering sea life, and causing health issues to local people.
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There are also huge economic values connected with oceanic plastic contamination. Traditional surveys published in March 2020 place make he direct contamination to the blue economy in the ASEAN region at USD 2.1 billion every year. Prominently, this just includes the immediate damages to three businesses: shipping, fisheries and aquaculture, and oceanic tourism.
These economic costs also leave enormous social costs to the businesses. In addition to staying closely attached to the fishing and tourism businesses for their resources, citizens of seaside societies and plastic waste pollution can be injurious to their health. Therefore, we must commence generating solutions to save our oceans from being more polluted from this waste. Our action can save many human lives as well as will be beneficial for marine life.
Effects of plastic pollution:
Negative Effects on Human Health
We eat plastic-infected seafood. Experts have discovered that microplastics in 114 marine classes, and around one-third of these end up on our plates. We utilize plastic via storage. We intake microplastics through bottled water.
Air and land pollution:
When plastic is deposited in landfills, it combines with water and forms dangerous chemicals.